The Processional Order

The following is a typical order to a wedding Processional. It can certainly be modified based on your particular situation.

The groom, best man and Officiant enter by using a side door.
They all stand facing the guests.

An usher escorts the grandmother(s)of the bride to their seats.

An usher escorts the grandmother(s)of the groom to their seats.

An usher escorts the mother of the groom to her seat.

An usher escorts the mother of the bride to her seat.

The ushers walk down the aisle (or escort the bridesmaids) and stand next the groom and best man and then face the guests.

The bridesmaids walk down the aisle.

The maid of honor walks down the aisle.

The ring bearer walks down the aisle.

The flower girl walks down the aisle. (Many times the flower girl and ring bearer will walk together)

The father of the bride escorts the bride down aisle.

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FAQ’s about the Ceremony

How many Ushers and Bridesmaids are needed?

It depends on the size of the wedding. Normally, there should be one usher for every 50 guests. The average wedding party for formal or semi-formal is four to six Bridesmaids and Ushers. A Bride does not need as many Bridesmaids as Ushers.

In a formal wedding, which side is usually reserved for the Bride’s family and friends?

The Bride’s parents are seated on the left side of the aisle and the groom’s parents sit on the right side.

What if a church has two center aisles?

Pick one aisle and treat the whole wedding as though it had only one, or use the right aisle for the processional and the left for the recessional.

Does the Groom always kiss the Bride at the altar?

The person performing the ceremony will rule on it, according to church practice.

Can a house wedding be just as formal as a church wedding?

Yes, but there are usually fewer attendants.

Is there usually a recessional at a home wedding?

The Groom pays, but the Best Man hands it over in a plain white envelope before or after the ceremony.

Where does the wedding party stand in the receiving line?

The receiving line is in the back of the church after the ceremony. The order may vary but, usually the Bride’s mother and father are first, followed by the Bride, Groom, and Bridesmaids. The Groom’s mother and father may be included. The Ushers and the Best Man do not stand in the receiving line.

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Ceremony Itinerary

Every religion has their own established rituals, customs and traditions for wedding ceremonies. Also, your clergyman or Officiant may also have specific rules and procedures to be followed when they officiate a wedding ceremony. So, when planning your ceremony, be sure to consult with your Officiant every step of the way!

Here is a general outline of the sequence of events for a traditional Wedding Ceremony:
The Processional:

View the complete order of a traditional wedding processional.

The Welcome, Call to Worship, Introduction:

The Officiant greets the guests and usually says a few words about marriage.

Questions of Intent:

The Officiant will ask the questions of intent to the bride and the groom.

Example: “Will you have this women to be your wedded wife, to live together in the holy estate of matrimony? Will you love her, comfort her, honor, and keep her, in sickness and in health?”

Declaration of Consent:

The declaration of consent is seen primarily in Protestant ceremonies. The Officiant asks “Who gives this woman to be married today?” The Bride’s father replies, “I do”. Some brides prefer not to include this segment in their ceremony – – while some brides like to include it as part of the ritual and tradition of the wedding ceremony.

A more modern twist to this tradition – – the Officiant asks the question to the brides parents or both parents. Then, they all respond together “We do”.

Readings and Music:

Readings and music are a wonderful way to personalize your wedding ceremony. Before making any selections, you’ll want to check with your Officiant first. Some faiths and churches have specific rules and guidelines as to the type of readings and music that can be played. For instance, some churches will only allow scripture and religious readings.

Wedding Vows:

Most people are familiar with the Protestant wedding vows:

“Do you ‘Steven’ take ‘Susan’ to have and hold from this day forward, for better, for worse: for richer, for poorer; in sickness and in health; to love and to cherish from this day forward.”

Exchange of the Rings:

The groom places the ring on the bride’s finger. Then, the bride places the ring on the groom’s finger.

Blessing of the Rings:

The bride and groom will make statements to each other. This is done right after the ring is put on the finger (above).

Example: “Take and wear this ring as a symbol of my love”

Pronouncement of the Marriage:

“I now pronounce you husband and wife… ”

Special Acts of Celebration:

Lighting of unity candle, flower giving to parents, blessing of medallion or gifts for step children.

This is another great way to personalize your wedding ceremony and to include children or parents into the ceremony.

Benediction, Prayers and Blessing:

Benediction and prayers led by the Officiant.

Presentation of the New Couple:

The Officiant presents “Mr. and Mrs. _________________” for the first time!

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Unity Candle Ceremony Tips

The unity candle symbolizes the very essence of the wedding ceremony. Two taper candles, representing the couple as individuals, are used to light a single center candle as a visible symbol of their commitment to each other. There are many variations on the ceremony and the individual details are completely up to you. Here are some ideas to help you as you plan your ceremony:

Preparing for Your Ceremony

Before the ceremony begins, place the unity candle on a small table near the altar. If you have an on-site coordinator who may have specific instructions, be sure to check in advance. To prepare for the ceremony, it is a good idea to light the wicks for a moment. (We know you won’t be nervous or anything…but just in case, your candles will light much more easily.) Oh, and who’s got the matches?

There are several popular options for lighting you taper candles. You can have your parents come forward to light the side tapers as a symbol of your two families coming together as one. At this point, some couples choose to present their mothers with a rose. If you wish, the minister or best man and the maid of honor can light the tapers. Or, you may light the tapers yourselves from a candle on the altar.

To Extinguish or Not to Extinguish

When it comes to your unity candle ceremony, that is often the question! While some folks feel that you should extinguish the candles to symbolize your commitment to one another, others argue that to emphasize your individuality within your union, you must leave the tapers lit. Whether or not you extinguish the taper candles is a personal decision and, like many aspects of your wedding planning, is entirely up to you.

If you choose to extinguish your tapers, try this reading:

“As [Name] and [Name] together light the center candle, they will extinguish their own candles, thus letting the center candle symbolize the union of their lives. As this one light cannot be divided, neither will their lives be divided.”

If you’d prefer to leave your tapers lit, try this one:

“[Name] and [Name] come into their marriage relationship as individuals and they do not lose their identity, rather they use their individuality to create and strengthen the relationship of marriage. Therefore, the three candles remain lighted, one for each of them and one for their marriage, as symbols of their commitment to each other and to a lasting and loving marriage.”

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Designing Your Wedding Program

Do you plan to have a wedding program for your wedding? Do you have to have one? The answers to these questions and more are below:
What is the purpose of a program?

*A wedding program identifies and honors those participating in the ceremony.
*It is also a wonderful and sentimental keepsake for everyone.

Do I really need one?

A program is certainly not a required element of your wedding ceremony. However, if you have the time and resources, it’s a great way to add a personal touch to your ceremony.
What should be included?

*Include an outline of the wedding ceremony and the order of events.
*Identify all of the members of the wedding party.
*You can also use other identifying factors such as “Bride’s Best Friend Since College” or “Groom’s Brother”.
*Include the time, date and place of the ceremony and the name of your Officiant.
*Include the titles of any music played or special readings. Be sure to include the names of any musicians, soloists or readers.

*Here are some “optional items” you can also include

A special “Thank You” to the parents. Here’s an example of a special dedication to a bride and groom’s parents:
“We would like to dedicate this ceremony to our parents. They have taught us our values, and shown us how to laugh, love and appreciate all that life has to offer. Their generosity, support, and love is unending.”
*Special message from the bride and groom to their wedding guests.
*Explanation of any special religious or ethnic wedding traditions that will be part of your ceremony.
*Special poems or readings;
One bride who recently wrote in to USABride, said that an entire page of her program was called, “Patchwork of Memories”.
This page went on to explain all of the sentimental details of her wedding from the ring pillow made out of material from her mother’s wedding dress to the antique wedding ring that was worn by the groom’s grandmother

Where should I order my programs?

You can usually order ceremony programs from your printer at the same time you order your invitations. Some brides like to match their wedding programs to their invitations.
Can I make my own?

*YES! Many brides choose to make their programs on a computer. This not only saves money but allows for much greater flexibility and creativity.
*For instance, you can have a single or multiple page program. For a single page program, you can use a heavier card stock and poke holes in the top and decorate with ribbon or a tulle bow. Or, you can use a regular stock of paper and roll it like a scroll and tie with ribbon. The possibilities are endless!

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Include Your Heritage Into Your Ceremony

America is made up of many cultures and nationalities. Why not spice up the traditional American celebration by adding elements of your heritage? Here are a few ideas that will help you incorporate your culture into the festivities:

* In the days of slavery, African-American couples would declare their love in front of family and friends by jumping over a broom. This act symbolized the new home they hoped to enjoy together. Many couples today choose to add this to their ceremony in remembrance of their forefathers.
* Pass on traditional attire and opt instead for brightly colored robes. This dress code can also be extended to the guests.
* Hire drummers or dancers who can add a cultural flair to the ceremony or reception.


* Go with traditional Chinese wedding attire and wear a red dress down the aisle. This beautiful color symbolizes love in Chinese culture.

English or Irish

* Get rid of your tiered wedding cake. The traditional wedding cake for these countries is a dense fruitcake soaked in spirits and wrapped with fondant icing.


* Wear a crown of flowers instead of a veil. In Greece, both the bride and the groom wear flowers, which are placed there by an honored male guest.


* Add a touch of Italy to your reception by asking your band or DJ to play “The Tarantella”, a traditional Italian folk dance.
* Give sugared almonds wrapped in tulle as favors to the guests. In Italian culture, they symbolize both fertility and the bitter and sweet moments in life.
* Release a pair of doves after the ceremony, which have come to signify a couple’s love and happiness.


* As a reminder of the bride and groom’s changed life, many Jewish brides have their husbands break a glass wrapped in cloth at the end of the ceremony.


* To symbolize your union, have a white rope or rosary wound around you and your mate’s shoulders in the shape of a figure-8 as you say your vows.
* Use three bouquets – one to leave at the altar in honor of the Virgin Mary, one to walk down the aisle with, and the last one to use for the bridal toss.


* Hand out silver horseshoes and bells to the women at the wedding. These signify your luck in marriage.

For other ideas, talk to your relatives or do some library research on your own. Also, be sure to let your guests know the significance of any cultural traditions included in your wedding, through a brief explanation of the tradition in either a wedding newsletter or in your wedding program.

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Adding Candlelight to Your Ceremony or Reception

Incorporating candles into your ceremony or reception is a great way to provide a more intimate and romantic atmosphere. It makes the room appear smaller and provides a warm glow that cannot be reproduced through electricity. Here are some tips for using candles:
A Few Things to Check

* Make sure that your ceremony site allows candles and check the fire restrictions carefully.
*Contact your photographer and let him know that you will have low lighting, so he can adjust to your setting.
* No matter what style you use, check the burning time. If the ceremony or reception isn’t long, and you are planning on using the same candles into the night, they might burn out before your guests leave.

Candles at the Reception

* You can use floating candles, pillars or tapers, depending on your personal style. Floating candles reflect off of the water they are placed in and can have a beautiful effect.
* Highly decorative can take away from the beauty of the flame. If you are looking for simple beauty, keep the candles plain.
* Be cautious of strong, scented candles at the dinner table. They can interfere with the enjoyment and taste of the food.
* You can accent candles with petals, small blooms or seashells.
* For safety purposes, enclose votive candles in appropriate containers and anchor tapers in a suitable holder.

Candles at the Ceremony

* Upon arrival, have ushers give each adult guest a candle. The candles can be lit before the processional, during the unity candle ceremony or whenever you would like.
* Indicate in the program when candles should be extinguished, especially if it is before the end of the ceremony.
* Remember that candles drip! If you choose to give them to guests, include a holder that will protect their hands and clothing.

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Planning a Religious Ceremony

Many religions have rules and traditions surrounding the wedding ceremony. Below is a list of major religions and some of their customs. Your Officiant will be able to provide you with a much more specific list, but this is a good start if you are unacquainted with the wedding practices of your faith.
Protestant Weddings

* Often portrayed in movies, the Protestant wedding is the most familiar ceremony to Americans.
* Most denominations allow a couple to get married outside of their place of worship.
* After the processional, the service begins with a greeting and call to worship by the minister. Readings, a short sermon, the exchange of vows and the lighting of a unity candle follow this. The ceremony concludes with a prayer of Thanksgiving, the benediction and finally, the recessional.

Roman Catholic Weddings

* A wedding ceremony is one of the seven sacraments in the Catholic faith.
* Before getting married, the couple must attend marriage counseling, called “pre-cana programs”.
* The Bride and Groom get married at her parish.
* The ceremony must include the nuptial blessing, prayers and at least three readings.
* As the vows are being exchanged, the entire congregation stands.
* Mass is often included in the ceremony.

Jewish Weddings

* Wedding cannot be held on the Sabbath day or on major holidays.
* The couple is allowed to have their wedding ceremony outside of the synagogue, but the ceremony must take place under a Chuppah. This symbolizes a husband bringing his wife into their home.
* The highlight of the ceremony is the exchange of rings. Other memorable elements are the blessing of the wine, the reading of the Ketubah and the breaking of the glass.

Muslim Weddings

* The ceremony is the signing of the wedding contract. It lasts only for about five minutes.
* The public celebration can last for days afterwards.
* The celebration begins with a Walima, which is a feast where chicken, fish and rice are served.
* Toward the end of the festivities, the bride is often lifted like royalty and “displayed” for the crowd to see. Afterwards, she is given to the groom and the public celebration is considered over.

Buddhist Weddings

* Ceremonies are usually designed by the couple and are quite simple.
* An O jujo, a 21-bead strand, is used to offer prayers and incense to Buddha.

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Quotes About Love For Your Ceremony Program

Quotes can come in handy when you are designing your wedding newsletter or program. They can also be recited during a toast or read at your ceremony. Below are some noteworthy sayings on love that you can use as part of your celebration:

* “There is no remedy for love but to love more.” – Thoreau
* “Where there is love there is life.” – Mahatma Gandhi
* “Love is patient; love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. It is not rude, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered; it keeps no record of wrongs. Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. It always protects, always trusts; always perseveres. Love never fails.” – 1 Corinthians 13:4-8
* “Those who love deeply never grow old; they may die of old age, but they die young.” – Unknown
* “Love is not love
Which alters when it alteration finds.
Or bends with the remover to remove
O no! It is an ever-fixed mark
That looks on tempests and is never shaken.” – William Shakespeare
* “Love is that condition in which the happiness of another person is essential to your own.” – Robert A. Heinlein
* “Til a’ the seas gang dry, my Dear,
And the rocks melt wi’ the sun:
I will love thee still, my Dear,
While the sands o’ life shall run.” – Robert Burns
* “Love is, above all, the gift of oneself.” – Jean Anovilh
* “True love is the greatest thing in the world…except for cough drops…everyone knows that.” – Excerpt from The Princess Bride

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Instead of a Guest Book…

The feathery pen and the lacy book…after the wedding, these pretty materials are often condemned to the attic or closet, never to be looked at again. Wouldn’t it be nice to have something more memorable and unique than that traditional guest book? Below are a few ideas to remember your guests by….

* Purchase a Polaroid camera and plenty of film. As guests come in, have one or two people take pictures of them. Then have them sign their names along the bottom of the picture and stick it in the photo album.

* Cut squares of material and purchase fabric crayons. Have guests decorate and sign a square. After your wedding, bring it to a seamstress for the creation of a decorative wedding quilt.

* Enlarge a picture of you and your fiancé. Many couples use their engagement photo. Have the guests sign the picture or a mat that will go around the picture. After the wedding, frame it and hang it in your home.

* Create a wedding scrapbook. Glue in pictures of you and your fiancé, as well as any other creative and memorable stories or images. Leave plenty of space for guests to write little messages to you within the book.

* Print a poem about love in the middle of a large, decorative piece of paper. Have your guests sign around it. When it’s done, frame it and hang it up in your home.

* Have your guests sign an unfinished ceramic platter. After the wedding, bring the platter to a ceramics place or even a place that holds such crafts classes and have them glaze it and bake it. You could either hang it in your home or actually use it for serving meals.

Weddings are more special if they are personalized to your tastes. If you don’t mind breaking with tradition, put a twist on the old idea of guest books. It will be more fun for you to look at through the years, and more interesting for your guests as well.

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